Lime clamp kiln at Glencotho excavation in 2015

The kilns at Glencotho are however rather isolated but it is easy to see why they exist here, since the lime stone outcrop on the hill above was obviously quarried there, transported downhill on the track and used in the kilns.

An Excavation report on the lime clamp kilns at Glencotho, Peeblesshire, Scottish Borders in 2015. Download the full report from here.

The excavated kiln is part of a group and was given in The Upper Tweed Archaeological Survey (Ward, 2004) (Pl 1): Site No 337 NT 02 NE NT 0873 2972 290m OD.

The kilns have been partially scooped and partially embanked. The reason for the limited excavation was to attempt to establish a link between the lime working and the nearby Chapelgill site (Ward, 2006) Chapelgill in Glenholm survey and excavation in 2013 where evidence of coal fired lime was used in the construction of walls and for plaster. The fact that the kilns exist in this particular and unusual location is due to the presence of the Wrae Limestone deposits which are rare occurrences of limestone in the Southern Uplands greywacke geology.