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The Biggar Archaeology Group has undertaken the task of investigating the archaeology, from earliest times, of an area of approximately 1000 sq. km that lies mainly to the south and east of Biggar. Consisting largely of uplands in the south, the area is dissected by the valleys of the rivers Clyde and Tweed, the east-west valley – the so-called ‘Biggar Gap’ – extending from Broughton to a little east of Biggar, that connects them and the broad east-west valley through Biggar itself.

The terrain is thus readily divisible into areas of convenient size for projects that involve, in the first instance, landscape survey combined, as opportunity arises and resources permit, with arable field walking. Based on the evidence derived from these, a limited number of excavations have been carried out, preferentially of sites under threat from deep ploughing, forestry or neglect.


Biggar Gap

The Biggar Gap project explores the long-held assumption that the Biggar Gap would have been a route utilised by hunter gatherers in the Mesolithic...

Biggar Urban Archaeology

Biggar Urban Archaeology The town of Biggar can trace its history back to the 12th century when, under the patronage of King David I and...

Clydesdale Project

Clydesdale Project This major project evolved from a study of bastle houses into a wide-ranging investigation of the archaeology of Upper Clydesdale. It is subdivided...

Pre-history North of Biggar

Pre-history North of Biggar This Project was initiated to examine the perception that, on the limited available evidence, the Neolithic inhabitants tended to favour the...

Upper Tweed project

Upper Tweed Survey This Project is primarily one of upland survey and covers all of the land to the west that includes the valley, to...
The BAG’s surveys
The BAG’s surveys

The Biggar Surveys

  • Green – The Biggar Gap and Pre-history North of Biggar Surveys
  • Blue – The Upper Clyde and Daer Valley Surveys
  • Magenta – The Daer Valley Surveys
  • Red – The Upper Tweed and Megget Surveys
The boundaries, physical and notional, of the survey projects are not fixed. Thus, what began as a search for further examples of bastle houses – the Clydesdale Bastle Project – was transformed into the first major landscape survey – the Upper Clyde Survey.
As the landscape surveys approach completion, opportunities have presented themselves for more detailed studies of various aspects of the archaeology taking into account the nature and date of the sites involved. See Special Reports and Research Projects.

Latest News

Millhill of Wandel Trench 24, looking South. Trench 25 in background

Survey and excavation reports – Millhill of Wandel

From 2019 until 2022 excavations were undertaken at Millhill of Wandel. This came about as a follow-up to observations taken from Wandel Mill and...