- Current Archaeology Projects
- Pre-history North of Biggar Project Reports
- Brownsbank Farm Fieldwork and Excavation 1997 – 2001. 3rd Interim Report. | 2016 | 1.8MB | Tam Ward, BAG |
- Excavations and other fieldwork on Biggar Common East end, or Carwood Hill 1992 - 1993 | 2013 | 4MB | Tam Ward, BAG | In 1992/1993 members of the Biggar Young Archaeologists Club discovered a second important area of Early and Late Neolithic settlement on Biggar Common, this was done by fieldwalking and the recovery of pottery and lithics as surface finds.
- Fieldwalking and Excavation at Carwood Farm 2007-2009, Interm Report | 2013 | 3.1 MB Tam Ward, BAG | Surface artefacts found by arable fieldwalking including Early Neolithic pottery, hazel nutshell charcoal and lithics. Subsequent excavation revealed charcoal enriched pits lying below the plough soil with some pits containing Early Neolithic, Late Neolithic and Bronze Age pottery.
- Excavations at Melbourne Farm 1996 | 2013 | 2.9MB | Tam Ward, BAG |Following on from successful fieldwalking at Melbourne Farm, four miles north of Biggar, excavations revealed a landscape of in situ features with ceramic and lithic assemblages dating from the Early and Late Neolithic, but including a beaker burial. Rescue excavation was allowed by the kind permission of Scottish Woodlands Ltd. The following report is given as a preamble to the main report on excavations and it has been modified slightly since it was written in 1996.
- Calla Farm Interim Report | 2013 | 585KB | Tam Ward, BAG | Interim report of the small scale excavation at Calla Farm near Carnwath.
- Pre-History – Howburn 2010 | 2010 | 2MB | Tam Ward, BAG | The discovery and excavation of a Late Upper Palaeolithic site in Scotland and the field walking assemblages of multi prehistoric periods, and all from the same location at Howburn Farm, South Lanarkshire, Scotland.
- Howburn Current Archaeology Article | 2010 |736KB | Current Archaeology Magazine | At Howburn Farm in South Lanarkshire, a scattering of flints, discovered by the Biggar Archaeology Group, turned out to be evidence of the earliest human habitation in Scotland. Tam Ward and Alan Saville explain.
- Corse Law Cairns | 2005 | 504KB | This report describes the results of survey and excavation of three small cairns, which are part of a larer group at Corse Law.
- Braehead Village Survey Report | 2005 | 1.3MB | A survey of lime, ironstone and rock quaries with associates clamp kilns, as well as a historical review of Braehead Village.
- Weston Farm Excavations - Interim Report | Dec 2005 | 2.9MB - Information on further excavations at Weston Farm, revealing an extensive area of Mesolithic activity, involving the production of chert and flint microliths.
- Netherhangingshaw | 2005 | 541KB | Spring 2003, Fieldwork and excavations on a hill-top near Netherhangingshaw farm produced a significant Early Pre-historic settlement.
- The Upper Tweed Project
- Broughton Heights Archaeological Survey | 1.5MB | 1999 | Tam Ward, BAG | Field walking and survey of an upland landscape in Borders Region has produced a new level of data on pre-historic and post medieval monuments. A significant series of burnt mounds in particular adds a new dimension to the study of the area.
- Harehill Knowe near Broughton, Peebleshire survey and excavation | 2015 | 554KB | Tam Ward, BAG | As part of a larger research project, itself originating from a programme of survey work in Upper Tweeddale by Biggar Archaeology Group, a trial trench was opened on a prominent isolated mound near Broughton and which is known as Harehill Knowe. The limited work showed that the feature was probably for the most part natural but with anthropogenic additions of a surrounding dyke, plantation and a capping of stone covering the overall mound.
- Excavation of three Early Christian graves at Lyne, near Peebles | 2005 | 1.5MB | Tam Ward, Bag | The discovery of a single cist found to be eroding from a gravel bank led to the detection of a further two cists, all of which were shown by excavation to be long cists of Early Christian date. The site was consequently created into a heritage trail.
- Fruid Reservoir – unenclosed platform settlement | 2013 | 4MB | Tam Ward, BAG | The second and third campaign of excavations on a normally submerged and eroding Bronze Age unenclosed platform settlement has produced constructional details of two timber round houses, artefact assemblages including pottery, course stone tools, a flanged bronze axe and important dateable contexts from which much charcoal has been retrieved.
- Chaplegill | 2013 | 5MB | Tam Ward, BAG | Through the survey and partial excavation on an upland settlement site, evidence of turf and lime mortared buildings and occupation dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries was recovered. A large assemblage of early 18th century wine bottle sherds and also slip ware pottery was found and details of some of the buildings were revealed.
- Logan 2013 | Feb 2013 | 6.49MB | Tam Ward, BAG - The investigation of a small valley in Upper Tweeddale, Scottish Borders, has produced an extraordinary story of the past dating from the Bronze Age to Post Medieval times. The excavation of an upland settlement revealed the remains of a previously un-recorded tower or bastle house. Other buildings were shown to have been occupied throughout the 17th century and up to the early 18th century, indicating an aspect of Lowland Clearances. A small hoard of Edward I silver long cross pennies was also found near the site.
- Excavations at Woodend 2012 | A series of test pits were opened on a gravelly ridge (Site No 1) to test the hypothesis that Early Christian archaeology may have been present. The results were inconclusive but did reveal that some pre-historic activity had taken place involving a flint scraper and a few flakes of radiolarian chert and burnt stone.
- Woodend Report 2008 |Jan 2008 | size 964KB - Partial excavation of a previously investigated cairn revealed the two cists already recorded and a rare example of rock art in the Borders Region, details of the construction of the cairn were also uncovered.
- Megget Reservoir Survey | 2005 | 347KB | A part survey of the Megget Valley after the discovery of pre-historic sites within the reservoir during a period of low water level in 2004.
- Megget Reservoir | June 2004 | 2.31MB | The outcome of an inspection of the shorelines within Megget Reservoir in June 2004. Sites included cairns, burnt mounds, circular stone features and other more ambiguous sites.
- Megget Excavations – Interim Report | 2004 | 2.87MB | The excavations of features and enclosures recently discovered has shown the area to have been occupied during the Late Neolithic and probably the Bronze Age.
- Tweed – Survey | 2004 | 2.27MB | The latest phase of survey of the Upper Tweed valley to conjoin with the Clydedale Survey, Broughton Heights and Manor Valley.
- Clydesdale Project related reports
- Report on Windgate House excavations | 2.6MB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Crossing the Clyde | 1.9MB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Tinto Report - On Tintock Tap | 1.9MB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Daer Site 84-85 | 874KB | Tam Ward, BAG
- The partial excavation of Glendoroch Bastle House, near Crawfordjohn, South Lanarkshire | 1.5MB | 2015 | Tam Ward, BAG | Partial excavation of a previously unrecorded building showed it to belong to the Bastle House tradition of building and formed one of a group of similar buildings to eventually be discovered and excavated by the Biggar Archaeology Group. Finds from the site substantiated the conclusion that the place was built circa 1600 and occupied until the early 19th century when it was replaced by shepherds cottage, built primarily from the bastle house itself.
- Partial Excavation of the 17th Century Settlement of Coom in the Daer Valley | 1.5MB | 2015 | Tam Ward, BAG | Survey and excavation trenches produced evidence of a series of buildings, their floors and finds dating to the 17th and 18th centuries on the previously unrecorded site of Coom.
- Wildshaw Burn Stone Circle and Black Mount Hill Alignments | 738KB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Daer Reservoir 2014 | 1.6MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Reports 2009 - 2012– Sites 86–93 | 7.85MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Reports 2009 - 2012 – Sites 94-103 | 6.23MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Reports 2009 - 2012 – Sites 104-109 | 3.47MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Report 2009 - 2012 – Site 110 | 1.44MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Report 2009 - 2012 – Site 111 | 2.2MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Reports 2009 - 2012 – Sites 112-114 | 2.96MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Reports 2009 - 2012 – Sites 115-125 | 5.68MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Report 2009 - 2012 – Site 126 | 1.74MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Daer Site Reports 2009 - 2012 – Sites 127-130 | 6.23MB | Tam Ward & Ian Paterson, BAG
- Wintercleuch Bastle House | 1.8MB | Tam Ward, BAG | Report on the excavation and consolidation of Wintercleuch Bastle House, Daer Valley, South Lanarkshire and it’s formation into a Heritage Trail. With specialist contributions by Dennis Gallagher, Ann Matheson, Robin Murdoch and Ian Paterson.
- Daer Interim Report 1-5 - part 1
- Daer Interim Report 1-5 - part 2
- Daer Interim Report 1-5 - part 3
- Daer Interim Report 1-5 - part 4a
- Daer Interim Report 1-5 - part 4b
- Daer Interim Report 1-5 - part 5
- Daer Site 86
- Wildshaw Burn Stone Circle | October 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG | 2.76MB |
- Daer Valley Main Report | September 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG | 1.8MB |
- Daer Valley Site 110 | June 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG | 1.5MB |
- Daer Valley Site 111 | June 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG| 2.2MB |
- Daer Valley Site 126 | June 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG | 1.8MB |
- Daer First
Results 2011 | September 2011 | Tam Ward, BAG |1.3KB| We
have been working flat out for over a year to salvage as much
as possible from the Coom Rig site in Daer valley, where the forestry ploughing revealed an incredible and hitherto unknown
archaeological landscape. This reports explains the first results.
- Daer Lithics 2011 |
September 2011 | Ian Paterson | 729KB| Of the lithic materials
recovered in the Daer excavation, chert is by
far the most abundant - forming some 96% of the total recovered from the 4 most prolific sites. This report discusses chert and the lithic finds from Daer.
- Fieldwalking of forestry areas in Daer Valley 2010 – Interim Report | Nov 2010 |Tam Ward, BAG |972KB |Inspection of clear felled and newly ploughed forestry areas in the Daer Valley has produced evidence of the Mesolithic, Early Neolithic and Bronze Age periods, principally by lithic scatters for the former and burnt mounds/deposits and small cairns for the latter. Evidence in the form of Early Neolithic carinated bowl pottery, leaf arrow heads and pitchstone found in association with microliths and Mesolithic debitage, point to the Mesolithic/Neolithic transition.
- Daer Valley Site 84 - Mesolithic | Jan 2005 | 1.6MB | The discovery and excavation of a Mesolithic Site in the Dar Valley.
- Daer Valley Site 85 - Mesolithic |Dec 2004 | 1.3MB | This report describes the discovery and excavation of a further Mesolithic site in the Dar Valley.
- Biggar Gap Project
January 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG |1.6KB| The excavation of a Mesolithic
chert quarry at Burnetland Farm,
near Broughton village in Upper Tweeddale, Borders Region, Scotland. The largest example of a group of quarry pits disposed across a steep hill slope produced a quantity of stone pounders, a fewmodified pieces of chert, and taken with radiocarbon dating of charcoal, the evidence indicates the procurement of radiolarian chert as a tool making material in the Late Mesolithic period.
Farm Fieldwalking & Excavation | 2001 | Tame
Ward, BAG | 1MB | An arable fieldwalking project started
in 1990, specifically at
that time to give young archaeologists and others, experience in artefact retrieval, identification and recording. The results of these are detailed in this report.
- Burnetland Farm | January 2012 | Tam Ward, BAG |1.6KB| The excavation of a Mesolithic chert quarry at Burnetland Farm,
- Pre-history North of Biggar Project Reports
- Research Project Reports
- Miscellany of Bastle Houses | 2015 | 3.2MB – Tam Ward, BAG
- BAG Radiocarbon Dates | 2014 | 2KB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Migration routes | 2013 | 508KB | Tam Ward, BAG | Further thoughts on the migration routes of animals and people in the Late Upper Paleolithic period in the central belt of Scotland, and the potential locations of further hunter camp sites of that period.
- Lithic Geology | 2013 | 6MB | Ian Paterson & Tam Ward, BAG | In the past 30 years, the Biggar Archaeology Group (BAG) has recovered, by means of fieldwalking and excavation, large amounts of lithic artefacts that date from prehistoric times. The collection consists mainly ofdebitage but includes a range of tools and weapons. This account describes the geology of the various lithological types and suggests possible sources for them, and also provides illustrated examples and archaeological descriptions and contexts of each type as found by BAG. Furthermore observations regarding the use of stone in the construction of a stone circle, and for use as pot boilers in burnt mounds are given, and some metal working slags are referenced.
- Volunteering and Archaeology | 2.3MB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Natural Mounds and Cup Marks | 706KB | Tam Ward, BAG
- Bastle Build 2013 | 4.68MB – Tam Ward, BAG
- The erosion of archaeology within reservoirs, ploughed fields, forestry… | Tam Ward, BAG | The experience of BAG is that it has never been more important to engage with archaeology under threat in all areas of erosion within reservoirs, ploughed fields or forestry.
- Cup and ring marked stone | Tam Ward, BAG | 967KB | While Austin John Reid, a dyker from Peebles was rebuilding drystane dykes on Easton Farm, near Dunsyre in South Lanarkshire in June 2010, he recognised a stone slab decorated with cup and ring marks.
- Shielings and Buchts | Tam Ward, BAG | 1.61MB
- The Lowland Clearances as seen in Archaeology | Tam Ward, BAG | 1.38MB
- The Great Monition of Cursing by Gavin Dunbar, the Archbishop of Glasgow on the border reivers | Tam Ward, BAG | 760KB
- Tobacco Pipe Report | January 2011 | Written by: Dennis Gallagher. Images & Design: BAG | 1.2MB - Study of the tobacco pipes from Biggar Archaeology Group's Projects 1981 – 2010
- Mesolithic of South Lanarkshire |November 2010| Tam Ward, BAG | 849KB - The recently discovered Mesolithic Sites of South Lanarkshire in South Central Scotland, and their context in Southern Scotland
- Biggar Pitchstone Report |May 2008 | 569KB | Torben Ballin | General characterisations of Biggar pitchstone artifacts, and discussion of Biggar's role in the distribution of pitchstone across Neolithic Britain.
- Glenochar and Smithwood Bastle House Bottle Report | April 2006 | Robin Murdoch | 2.6MB | The collections of glass, mostly bottle glass but also including window fragments and glass beads from the bastle houses of Glenochar and Smithwood.