Smithwood slip ware bowl – reconstructed

Early 18th century pottery from pre Lowland Clearance sites in Scotland

Several excavated sites in southern Scotland have produced assemblages of early 18th century red earthenware and other types of Staffordshire type slip ware pottery. The sites are known to have been abandoned before 1760 and furthermore much of the pottery is...
18th Century pottery report cover

Early 18th century pottery from pre Lowland Clearance sites in Scotland.

Download pdf report: Early 18th century pottery from pre Lowland Clearance sites in Scotland. Several excavated sites in southern Scotland have produced assemblages of early 18th century red earthenware and other types of Staffordshire type slip ware pottery. The sites are...

Six Castles and a Bastle in Upper Clydesdale

This report features a localised grouping of castle sites and a bastle house that are given as a guide to defensive sites dating from the 12th to the 17th centuries in Upper Clydesdale, South Lanarkshire. Map showing locations of sites...
An account of the discovery, survey, consolidation, excavations and research of a 17th-century defensive farmhouse and buildings in Clydesdale, with supplementary contextual information.

Glenochar Bastle House and Fermtoun report

An account of the discovery, survey, consolidation, excavations and research of a 17th-century defensive farmhouse and buildings in Clydesdale, with supplementary contextual information.
Illustration of Glenochar Battle House and Fermtoun

Glenochar Bastle House and Fermtoun

An account of the discovery, survey, consolidation, excavations and research of a 17th-century defensive farmhouse and buildings in Clydesdale, with supplementary contextual information. This Glenochar Bastle House and Fermtoun report replaces all previous works on the site, but much is...
A Miscellany of Clydesdale Bastle Houses Report

A Miscellany of Clydesdale Bastle Houses.

Since 1981 after the discovery that Windgate House near Coulter was a bastle house, search, survey and in some instances excavation, has revealed a series of hitherto unknown such houses in Upper Clydesdale. Research continues on the subject of Scottish bastle houses, and fieldwork, although now scaled down, continues also. This paper presents several sites which have seen less intensive research but are nevertheless important as part of the grouping of bastles and probable bastles in Upper Clydesdale, now part of South Lanarkshire. The sites that are in this paper have not merited individual reports compared to those places which have been more thoroughly investigated, mainly by excavation and which are given on the BAG website. This work completes the reporting of sites which are confidently interpreted as bastle houses in Clydesdale, although other possible sites are known, and numerous localities where only historical references are now available, are also suspected as being of the bastle tradition of building and occupation in the 17th century (see Zeune 1992).
Old photo of Carnwath Mill showing upper entrance and fore stair

A Miscellany of Bastle Houses – updated report

Since 1981 after the discovery that Windgate House near Coulter was a bastle house, search, survey and in some instances excavation, has revealed a series of hitherto unknown such houses in Upper Clydesdale. Research continues on the subject of...
Wintercleugh Bastle Trail info panel in the landscape

New heritage display panels installed in Daer valley

As part of Biggar Archaeology Group’s (BAG) initiatives in local heritage matters, five new display panels have been installed in Daer valley for the benefit of walkers to the area. Two A1, fully illustrated colour panels have been installed on part of...

Bastle Houses and Sheep Buchts

Bastle Houses and Sheep Buchts Coming from zero in terms of knowledge of these sites, we have now recorded bastles or possible bastles, countless sheep milking buchts and numerous shieling sites. The emerging scenario depicts tenant farmers, rearing sheep and...
GLENOCHAR Heritage Trail

Glenochar Bastle House and Ferm Toun Trail

The Glenochar trail, which was officially opened on 30 August 1997 by the Marquess of Linlithgow, leads you through a landscape which has changed little since the occupation of the fermtoun. It is likely that the treeless glen seen today...

Heritage Trails

Research projects

Bastle Houses and Sheep Buchts

Selection of microliths

Mesolithic Biggar

Daer reservoir showing peat where water is down

Reservoir Archaeology