Wednesday, November 21, 2018
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The Biggar Archaeology Group has undertaken the task of investigating the archaeology, from earliest times, of an area of approximately 1000 sq. km that lies mainly to the south and east of Biggar. Consisting largely of uplands in the south, the area is dissected by the valleys of the rivers Clyde and Tweed, the east-west valley – the so-called ‘Biggar Gap’ – extending from Broughton to a little east of Biggar, that connects them and the broad east-west valley through Biggar itself.
The terrain is thus readily divisible into areas of convenient size for projects that involve, in the first instance, landscape survey combined, as opportunity arises and resources permit, with arable field walking. Based on the evidence derived from these, a limited number of excavations have been carried out, preferentially of sites under threat from deep ploughing, forestry or neglect.

Current projects and surveys

The BAG’s surveys
The BAG’s surveys

The Biggar Surveys

  • Green – The Biggar Gap and Pre-history North of Biggar Surveys
  • Blue – The Upper Clyde and Daer Valley Surveys
  • Magenta – The Daer Valley Surveys
  • Red – The Upper Tweed and Megget Surveys
The boundaries, physical and notional, of the survey projects are not fixed. Thus, what began as a search for further examples of bastle houses – the Clydesdale Bastle Project – was transformed into the first major landscape survey – the Upper Clyde Survey.
As the landscape surveys approach completion, opportunities have presented themselves for more detailed studies of various aspects of the archaeology taking into account the nature and date of the sites involved. See Special Reports and Research Projects.

Heritage Trails

Research projects

Bastle Houses and Sheep Buchts

Selection of microliths

Mesolithic Biggar

Daer reservoir showing peat where water is down

Reservoir Archaeology